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Myford M - a few random questions

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Alec Gunner25/06/2022 11:34:43
20 forum posts
4 photos

Having recently bought a 1946 Myford M a few questions have come up, both general to the model and specific to my machine. I had a look through the forum but can't find answers to these particular ones, so, bearing in mind I am a novice, here goes:

The toolpost arrangement seems odd. I have both the clamp-on type and the 4-way post which are designed to take tooling of up to about half an inch, but the centre height seems too high as anything over about 5/16" (8mm) toolling falls well above the minimum adjustment for centre height. Is there a reason for this? It would also be very convenient to fit a quick-change toolpost to get the height adjustment set up without shims. I am aware of the modification by removing the original cast-in toolpost but has anyone successfully bored out a quick-change toolpost to fit the 1-1/4" original post? I know most are hardened and hence difficult to do this with, but annealing case hardening is possible, or there is an unhardened one from Chronos. Has it been done?

Whilst wear appears acceptable in most parts, I do have a lot of wear in the half nut with over half a turn of backlash. I have seen the bobbin-type repair approach but am not yet confident enough to attempt that level of work. Has anyone made these for sale? I also have some adjustments to make as there is a bit of end float in the headstock spindle - I have read the instructions (and the notes on adding/changing various bearings) but I can't claim to fully understand the pros and cons of the various approaches. It looks like the starting point is to obtain a suitably sized C-spanner to slacken the bronze collars, but I can't see any castellated nuts?

I definitely have a missing oiler on the front end of the headstock and my understanding is that since this also serves to lock the bearing and spread it slightly, simply dropping oil down the hole is not a suitable substitute. Any ideas on where to find a suitable oiler or, better still, to find a drip oiler? I can get simple oil cups from RDG but don't actually know what the thread is?

The whole machine has a wobble. Whilst everything runs true relative to its own reference, the wobble makes it difficult to check what is happening whilst turning. It seems to trace back to the motor - this has the bench-mounted counter-shaft/motor unit so whilst the motor pivots semi-independently, the whole assembly has some degree of coupling to the bed, both through being bolted to the bench and through the tensioning bar. The motor is a Brook Crompton and probably contemporary to the lathe. Any ideas why I am getting a wobble or how to stop it?

I have a reasonable amount of equipment with it, certainly everything needed for now, but there are a few things which would be useful to add at some point down the line so am keeping an eye out for the original slimline 4-jaw chuck and a faceplate so that I can swing larger items in the gap. The two which are unlikely to turn up are a reverse tumbler and a milling slide. I therefore wondered whether anyone had successfully used these parts from an ML7 and if there were any issues in doing so? It appears that the ML7 slide should be a drop-on fit to the cross-slide (removing the top-slide and accepting that linear movement will need to be on the leadscrew). The ML7 reverse tumbler appears to be easily available and fairly cheap - can it be adapted?

Finally, and somewhat trivial, but what colour should it be? Mine is currently Myford 'aqua' and I have seen a few others for sale in that colour, but it has certainly been repainted, The fixed and travelling steadies (which of course may not have originally been with this machine) have not been repainted and are a sort of murky brown/green/grey, similar to that shown on this page on lathes.co.uk - http://www.lathes.co.uk/drummond-m-type-post-1924/page2.html (see particularly the close-up of the headstock). However, this does not appear to be a recognised colour for Myford, as in Paragon don't list it, so does anyone have any idea what it is and if that would be correct? I don't plan a major rebuild but some parts would benefit from a clean and paint to keep the rust off, so since I will need to buy some paint I might as well get the right colour from the start.

Apologies for the long list but hopefully I'm not duplicating too many previous questions.

Thanks

Alec

Edited By Alec Gunner on 25/06/2022 11:47:02

Edited By Alec Gunner on 25/06/2022 12:11:19

Hopper25/06/2022 11:57:51
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6694 forum posts
347 photos

Hi Alec

Sounds like your 4-way toolpost is off another machine and the metal under the tool is too thick,causing the toolbit to sit up too high. Pics of what you have there would help. The original Norman clamping type tool holder should hold 1/2" tool bits at centre height no problem. I would not chop the pillar off the topslide to fit a QC toolpost. Learn to use the others first and get to know the machine. Nothing wrong with using shims on a four way. It's all I do on my M-Type and my ML7.

From memory the oiler bolt is about 5/16 BSW, with the end machined to a point that fits into the bearing wedge. Bolt has a square head and a hole through the middle for the oil. I made adaptors and soldered them onto mine so I could screw drip oilers into the adaptor.

The C spanner fits onto the slots machined around the circumfrence of the round bronze rings that screw on to the front of the bearing.

Wobble couuld be caused by old hardened V belts that have "taken a set" from standing for years.

Colour, not sure. Drummonds were black originally. Myford may have changed that to war surplus battleship grey like the ML7 when they took over making the M-Type. I don't know.

There is a good drummondlathe group at groups.io with a lot of knowledgeable and helpful M-type owners there. The Files section has a lot of good info in it. Also a Facebook page on Drummond lathes I believe.

ML7 four jaw chuck could be adapted by bolting to an M-type back plate, which used to be available from lathes.co.uk some years back, but not sure these days.

ML7 cross slide and tumbler reverse and just about everything else will not fit on an M-type. Totally different design and the M-Type was a lot heavier built. Tumbler reverse castings and gears and other such accessory castings are available at times through the groups.io Drummondlathe group. But it is not something that is necessary. Myford vertical slide will fit. T slot spacing is different but you can use one T bolt and one clamp etc.

Have fun with your vintage lathe.

Hopper

Edited By Hopper on 25/06/2022 12:00:23

Hopper25/06/2022 12:39:50
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6694 forum posts
347 photos

PS don't worry too much about the half nut being worn. I ran mine for years with about 10 to 15 thou of metal left, just hanging on by the skin of its teeth. It does not affect the accuracy or surface finish at all. Still follows the leadscrew faithfully. With a bit of experience you will be able one day to do the repair bobbin yourself.

Alec Gunner25/06/2022 17:17:33
20 forum posts
4 photos

Thanks Hopper, that helps a lot.

Following your comments I had another look and observed that the Norman tool holder does indeed hold 1/2" tools at exactly the right centre height. The 4-way toolpost is about 1/16" too thick on the base which lifts it just above centre, so skimming the base off would be the easiest option (once I have a suitable faceplate or chuck). You can still get suitable M-type back plates but they extend the length of the chuck which reduces the capacity to use the swing so I will hang on until something correct turns up. I can just use a faceplate for now once I find a suitable one.

Through a process of disconnecting belts in turn it is definitely either the motor to counter shaft V-belt or the counter shaft itself which is causing the wobble. The belt does not show any signs of having a set but it is the easiest option to try to eliminate as a cause so I will buy a replacement once I have worked out what I need.

I won't be cutting the cast in toolpost off, but I do need some form of more rapid tool changing solution as a lot of what I want to do is repeat sequences of cutting, e.g. for nuts and studs. I don't want to have to keep swapping out the tool every couple of minutes on the Norman tool holder. A modern quick-change tool holder that I can bore out the centre on to a suitable size would be the obvious solution.

The oiler appears to be more of an issue than I first thought. I can't see any sign of anything down the chuck end hole, suggesting that something has rotated in there. It is still free and smooth so hopefully not too much damage, but it does mean I now need to work out how to dismantle the headstock far enough to see what's going on.

I have had a look on the drummond.io site and that looks very useful.

I did attempt to add pictures but somehow between my laptop and the album on here they have turned upside down, so until I know how to reverse that I won't risk cricking anyone's neck by adding them to a post!

Alec

SillyOldDuffer25/06/2022 17:57:43
Moderator
8903 forum posts
1999 photos

Alec, once a photo is in the album you can't rotate them. It's annoying but the only reliable way is to make sure they're the right way up by checking on your computer with a photo-editor before uploading.

However, moderators can twirl them in a post, and if I see any and aren't in a rush, I'll fix them. The 'not in a rush' caveat is because rotating photos sometimes messes up the format of the post and the thread it's in, and this takes much longer to fix.

Anyway, for the delectation of Myford/Drummond fans around the world, here are Alec's lathe photos:

Dave

Edited By SillyOldDuffer on 25/06/2022 17:58:42

Alec Gunner25/06/2022 18:12:33
20 forum posts
4 photos

Thanks Dave, help appreciated, and I am sure there are many Drummond/Myford fans who will be delighted!

It's odd as they appear the right way up on my computer but reverse as soon as they reach the folder. Maybe I should try taking my photos upside down...

Alec

David George 125/06/2022 20:31:47
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1873 forum posts
505 photos

Hi Alec  I have an M Type Drummond Myford lathe. I havd done a few mods to my lathe to make it more useable for me like quick change toolpost, rear toolpost, spindle lubrication drip feed, Morse 2 taper in tailstock and tumbler reverse for feed drive. The wobble on your lathe may be because the intermediate large pully on the counter shaft is out of ballance. The one on my lathe had the same problem and I re-machined the casting to remove lumps and bumps which was causing the problem. The wear in the half nut can be caused by swarf etc in there causing it to not engage properly it is worth striping the front saddle and clean and adjust it. I have a milling slide which is for sale if you like drop me a message.

The spindle is awkward to adjust just follow the instructions. Slacken off the rear nut on the spindle gear ensuring you slacken the grub screw in the side then first then loosen the two lubrication bolts on both bearings but not too much or the bearing may spin when you tighten the bronze nuts. Slacken both bronze nuts on the bearings to make sure the wedge is not trapped or stuck, I tap the bearing with a small hide mallet to ensure they are loose. Tighten the front bearing first, using the correct C spanner till you get a slight friction but still free to spin. Then tighten the lubrication bolt which very slightly opens the bearing as you tighten it. It should soinn free with no play. Do the same for the rear bearing checking the same as before. Then tighten the rear nut to take up any end float and retighten the grub screw. Lubricate both bearings and run the lathe and keep putting your hand on the castings checking for excessive heat. Also put a dial indication on to the chuck and pull and push and check for end float and up and down movement.

Have a look at my pictures in my albums and have a look at my posts if you can.

Intermediate drive.jpg

20200317_084836.jpg

lubrication studs.jpg

Have a look on here as well. https://m.facebook.com/groups/703113663087249/

The lubrication bolt drawing.

lubrication stud.jpg

If the bolt is missing the bearing may hsve spun and you will need to check if the wedge is still there as well.

Do not overtighten the bronze bearing nut as you can strip the threads and they are not easy to replace. You will have to remove the gear cover on the rear of the spindle to get at the bronze nut there probably and watch out for spacer on screw holding cover plate on.

Warning never lock the spindle with back gear as the cast iron gear teeth break off if shock treated  and are also difficult to repair or replace.

David

 

 

 

 

 

Edited By David George 1 on 25/06/2022 20:57:34

Edited By David George 1 on 25/06/2022 21:04:13

Alec Gunner26/06/2022 00:27:11
20 forum posts
4 photos

Thanks David, that's great information. I will take the cover off the rear of the spindle tomorrow, locate the grub screw. I can't do much else until I sort out a C-spanner.

The front bearing has spun - what do I need to dismantle to access it enough to spin it back? Is it as simple as taking the front nut right off and I should be able to poke it round, or am I in for a complete spindle strip-down? I'm hoping the wedge is still in there somewhere as otherwise I have another thing to make, although that probably isn't as challenging as making the lubrication bolt without a lathe!

Fingers crossed it's not the pulley causing the wobble, as that's a distinctly Catch 22 situation of another part which needs the lathe to fix it. I will try changing the belt first. Looks like I have a few things to sort out, then I will try using it and then decide which modifications will be worthwhile for me, but I'm pretty sure I will need to sort out a quick change tool holder one way or another.

I'll drop you a message re. the milling slide.

Alec

David George 126/06/2022 07:18:56
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1873 forum posts
505 photos

RDG sell a Morse taper No 1 ER 16 collet set suitable for the spindle on an M Type but you will need to make a draw bar for it. Ref 295133.

The spindle for the M Type can be removed fairly easily if you take a few precautions. The spindle bearings should be slackened off first. Then the grub screw which holds the pully should be removed. It is in the side of the pulley and also check that there is not another grub screw on top of the first down the same hole which has been seen on some to prevent them shaking loose. Then remove the end nut making sure the grub screw is loose. There should be a small copper slug under the grub screw to protect the thread. The spindle should tap forward with a soft mallet but don't use excessive force. I also use a piece of brush handle to tap it through and catch the bearings and spacers etc in the correct place as it comes out. The central thrust bearing may have loose balls I put a cloth under there to catch any that may fall out. This bearing is between the pully and the rear bearing with a spacer, watch which way they are places, take a photo helps. It should just tap through but watch for key in shaft to locate pully and bull gear is then also free to come out. Remove the lubricator bolts and the bearings can be removed along with the wedge pieces. Have you got a copy of the handbook as it gives a picture of the cross section of the headstock which may help.

David

Hopper26/06/2022 08:57:11
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6694 forum posts
347 photos

Your 4 way toolpost looks about the same as the one I made for mine. It takes 3/8 square tooling right on centre height. Works well. Although, I use a lot of 1/4 and 5/16 HSS anyway. Cheaper and quicker to grind up than the bigger stuff. I found carbide insert tooling does not work that well on my M-Type. Partly because the spindle seems a bit small and not rigid enough for the heavier cuts the carbide can take, and partly because mine is flat belt that slips under heavy cuts with carbide. Yet it will take 100 thou cuts with HSS no problem.

I think you will find all the Drummond/Myford M-Type chucks are mounted on backplates. The gap in the bed is longer than on an ML7 to accommodate this. And from memory the ML7 four jaw uses a backplate too. Only the 3 jaw has the internal thread in the body itself.

Alec Gunner26/06/2022 12:07:21
20 forum posts
4 photos

Thanks David and Hopper for the further information.

Progress is necessarily limited as I don't have a suitably sized C-spanner, so have ordered one but will have to wait until it arrives to take the nuts off. I have stripped the back end down - the collar with the grub screw did not have a piece of copper under it so I presume it would be a good idea to make one - I'll see what I have lying around in the way of suitable copper (probably an old MIG tip will yield something). There were no nasty surprises getting in as far as I could at the back end, and it all feels smooth, so fingers crossed.

David - offhand do you know the spindle OD? I like the idea of tapping through with a piece of wood that catches everything in order, but want to make sure I don't use anything too large which will jam up. I have found an online copy of the Drummond manual which appears to give me what I need by way of a drawing.

One win - the link belt from countershaft to headstock turns out to be the same length as the belt needed from motor to countershaft, so I swapped it over and the wobble has gone. The pulley on the motor needs moving down a bit to get it in line, and the large pulley isn't quite true in plane, but nothing that will affect running at the kind of accuracy I am looking for. Just need to order another length of link belt.

Ref. the collet set from RDG - they appear to have both an ER16 set and an ER25 set in 1MT. Apart from the latter being nearly double the price but allowing tools up to 16mm, are there any other pros/cons I should be aware of?

Hopper - I may not be lucky in finding a chuck which mounts without a backplate for the M, but the 4-jaw did exist for the ML7 with an internal thread - see https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/154976775357?hash=item241555ecbd:g:dZQAAOSwFzZicNkV for example. The clue is that there are no screw holes on the front face. A version is still available new from RDG.

I do still have the 'Catch 22' of needing a front lubricator bolt to run the lathe, but needing the lathe to make the bolt. I think a quick conversion of a standard BSW bolt by drilling a hole up the centre on the pillar drill and creating a good approximation to the cone angle by spinning against the grinder should suffice to get it running and then I can make the proper part, although that will be a bit interesting as I will have to use the catch plate and I haven't tried one of those before.

Alec

Hopper26/06/2022 12:34:06
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6694 forum posts
347 photos

Beware that the ML7 spindle nose has a larger thread and register than the M-Type so ML7 chucks will not screw on to a M-type. You need the earler type 4-jaw with the backing plate and a M-type backing plate with the small thread. Not all those older 4-jaws had the bolts going all the way through to the front, but studs in the back. Another thing is the longer gap on on the M-Type. if you use a compact chuck without a backplate on it, you then have to have the carriage hanging off the end of the bed to get the tool up close to the chuck, so better to go with the backplate.

Your plan with the oiler screw sounds good. Should get you going. There is a small wedge that the screw bears on and sits in the slot in the bearing. It has an oil hole through it from memory.

David George 126/06/2022 13:35:24
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1873 forum posts
505 photos

The small end of the spindle is 3/4 inch diamiter so that is the size I use to tap out the spindle. I will send another message about drawings etc so I can emsil you copies.

David

Dave Halford26/06/2022 14:28:12
2096 forum posts
23 photos

Don't run the motor any more till you fix the bearing, the felt (if there is one) may be unable to soak up any oil.

You can use inserts for aluminium on steel at speeds suitable for for your lathe. Following the available industrial speeds and feeds charts for carbide on an old lathe is a mistake.

You may find that CCGT inserts are easier to source

DiogenesII26/06/2022 14:34:32
589 forum posts
234 photos

Just out of interest what are the dims. of M-Type nose thread & register..?

Alec Gunner26/06/2022 15:38:51
20 forum posts
4 photos

Thanks for the further advice. I will find a suitably sized piece of broom handle.

I was aware that the ML7 and the M do not share the same nose spindle (DiogenesII - it's 1-1/8" x 12 TPI on the ML7 and 1" x 12 TPI on the M, register 1-1/8". I was thinking in terms of finding a similar type of 4-jaw chuck with integral thread of the correct size for the M so that I could use more of the gap to swing something oversize in rather than relying on a faceplate set-up, but I take the point about overhang on either the carriage or the tooling.

I won't be running it until the bearing is fixed - I can't anyway as it currently only has one of the two drive belts in place. I'm not aware of there being any felt though - it appears to simply feed through the hole in the wedge directly on to the spindle bearing.

The information about carbide inserts is particularly interesting - I am not very good at grinding up HSS and whilst I am sure I will improve, I will waste a lot of time and material (or do a lot of filing to restore surfaces) in the meantime, so inserts would make life considerably easier.

Based on the suggested information it appears to be possible to take much heavier cuts than I was expecting which would be good news if true, although 0.1mm per pass is what I am used to so can live with it.

Alec

David George 126/06/2022 16:07:12
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1873 forum posts
505 photos

This is my lathe cutting stainless steel roughing out with a carbide indexable tool. The correct tool with right speed and feed taking about a 0.1 inch cut.

https://youtu.be/vzrhyDr4JBM

 

David

Edited By David George 1 on 26/06/2022 16:11:48

Howard Lewis27/06/2022 22:17:34
6314 forum posts
15 photos

The M type is an old machine, probably designed before carbide tips were produced. the bearings would probably be damaged if it were run at the speeds and feeds that optimise carbide tips.

For almost everything, except hardened materials, HSS will suffice. (That is where carbide comes into its own, with swarf coming off like red hot wire!. )

Possibly, for very fine cuts, HSS is the better.

Again, for most purposes, the exact clearance angle is not desperately critical. OK, the book may say 10 degrees, but probably you wouldn't notice if the clearance was actually 7 or 12 degrees.

For the cost of one carbide tip, you can but a 1/4" HSS toolbit that can be reground to sharpen for the equivalent life of several carbide tips. And HSS does not chip as easily as carbide with interrupted cuts, of if you bang it!

Probably, the ultimate in easily ground tools is a Tangential Turning Tool. You will meed a means of setting easily to centre height, but it only needs one face grinding, and you can buy the jig with the tool, or make one if you make your own. (At least two designs have been published in MEW for the home maker )

There is many a good tune played on an old fiddle!

Howard

Alec Gunner02/07/2022 16:46:12
20 forum posts
4 photos

Thanks Howard,

It's my understanding that the main limitation with running the M at high speed is that it has plain bearings which will be damaged by doing so. High feeds should not cause a problem - this is pretty robust, so Dave Halford's comments on machining steel using tooling and settings designed for aluminium are very interesting, although having had a quick look aluminium-specific tooling certainly does not look cheap!

I hadn't heard of the Tangential Turning Tool - that certainly looks like it would make my life easier. Filing the edges to 12deg and chasing out the groove for the cutter by hand would be an interesting challenge but as you say, absolute adherence to the angles probably isn't critical so I could get close enough for it to work.

At present I am still waiting for my C-spanner to turn up (supposed rapid delivery time has not been met) so am a bit stuck but once I can get the headstock sorted out I should be able to get on and actually use it for something, which will be a lot more satisfying.

Alec

Edited By Alec Gunner on 02/07/2022 16:47:21

Howard Lewis03/07/2022 10:42:26
6314 forum posts
15 photos

Tangential Turning Tools and general ramblings.

If you can access earlier Issues of MEW, two designs for shop made Tangential Turning Tools have been published.

The first design was to take 1/8" toolbits. (I made up a lookalike for 5/16" and it works like a dream. )

Having a square shank, it involved milling at compound angles (Not impossible to file by hand, if you are careful ) And am not sure that all the angles are terribly critical

The second version made life easier, in some respects, because it entailed milling the 12 degree angle onto the shank, to change it from square to trapezoidal.

The jig for grinding to sharpen, is simple to make.

The Eccentric Engineering version uses a 33 degree angle rather than the 30 degrees shown for the sharpening jig in the MEW articles.

Once made, the advantage is (Apart from the fact that it performs well ) that there is only one face to grind.

Compared to carbide tips, a HSS toolbit can better withstand the occasional knock, and in cost terms provides a lot more tool life for the cost of one carbide tip.

You do need a Centre Height Gauge to set the tool easily. (Making one can be a useful learning experience for a beginner, and results in a tool which is always useful )

Making such tools (Tailstock sliding Die and Tap holders can also be a good means of gaining experience, confidence and familiarity with the machine, while finishing up with tools that can be used for years to come.

I cheated and bought the actual Die Holders, but made up the arbor and body for the tool.

You can make the main body of the tool as simple, or as complicated as you like.)

For the Tailstock sliding Tap holder, again I bought ER collets and had to screw cut the 1.5 mm pitch thread.

(A more daunting task for a beginner, probably left until more experienced )

Both these tools are particularly useful when producing fine threads, since the newly cut thread has minimal load imposed on it by pulling the tool along the arbor, rather than trying to [pull a tailstock along the lathe bed.

(I found out that the hard way trying to cut a 40 tpi Model Engineer thread!

But interrupted cuts will tend to hammer the toolbit down below centre height, so that it needs resetting.

And, HSS is no match for hardened steel, where carbide will cut it easily, with interesting, brown, blue or even red hot swarf!

Now, in addition to the ones for 1/8" toolbits, I use the Eccentric Engineering version, with the 1/4" toolbit for most of my turning work, especially for finishing.

A feshly ground tool will remove 0.0005", or less, a side for finishing mild steel.

HTH

Howard

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