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Rumely Oil Pull engine

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John Rutzen17/10/2020 10:46:33
289 forum posts
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Hi, I'm working on the design for an engine for a Rumely tractor that I want to build. There are no drawings but I have got the major dimensions from an owner in America. I am working out the engine from photos, catalogues, videos and anything else I can get hold of. It is a single cylinder 30cc. What I want to ask is can i fit a C.I. liner in an aluminium block? Also I am thinking of posting the drawing before I make anything for constructive criticism please. I don't do CAD so I'm not sure how I can do this. Maybe just take a photo of it, i'll see how it works out.

Henry Brown17/10/2020 12:02:38
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348 forum posts
90 photos

My Economy Engine from The Engineers Emporium has an aluminium block with a CI liner so I see no reason why not, the block is relieved in the centre so give location at either end of about 30-40mm and has a small flange at the head end for the gasket to seal. I made mine a very slight interference fit and ran a drop of Loctite 638 around each end before using my press to fit the liner. Incidentally the piston is from HE30 bar. I'll see if I can find a picture fo the parts before I assembled them.

Looking forward to seeing the drawings and the end results!

Henry Brown17/10/2020 12:09:26
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Forgot to add the bore and stroke is 42mm x 73mm and the locating diameters (polished) are 49 and 50mm diameter for easier assembly.

20.06.16 liner.jpg

20.06.21 hopper and liner head end.jpg

John Rutzen17/10/2020 15:14:34
289 forum posts
16 photos

Thanks Henry, I was sure I had seen iron liners in alloy blocks somewhere. Of course I know it is used full size all the time. Is yours a wet liner, meaning the water is in direct contact with it.  

Edited By John Rutzen on 17/10/2020 15:15:49

Henry Brown17/10/2020 18:08:23
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348 forum posts
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My pleasure, hope it has helped. Yes, its a tradition engine with water in the hopper surrounding the liner in the area between the fitting diameters, that's why I used the 638 as a bit of a safety belt. If you use 638 just be aware you only get one go at it as it goes off very quickly, I'll use one with a longer cure time when I make my next one!

John Purdy17/10/2020 18:22:57
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221 forum posts
106 photos

John

E. T. Westbury's Wyvern horizontal engine has a CI cylinder liner shrunk into an aluminum block/water jacket and works fine, at least in mine. If I recall I made the liner .001-.002 larger than the bore of the block then to assemble I heated the block in the oven to about 400F and put the liner in the freezer. The liner just dropped in with no problems.

John

JasonB17/10/2020 18:52:01
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I've done 3 or 4 open crank ones with CI liner in alloy and even more Ci in CI all a firm push fit and 648 Loctite which makes for a less stressful time joining them together. Like Henry, a step of a few thou in diameter allows the liner to easily slip most of the way in before things start to tighten up.

John Rutzen17/10/2020 21:30:54
289 forum posts
16 photos

Thanks everybody. I've used that 638 and you really have to be quick about putting it together. Maybe you have a minute, no more. I will get some 648 for this. One of the odd things about the Rumely engine is that it has pull rods rather than push rods so there must be some means of holding the rod against the cam. I am still trying to work it out.

JasonB18/10/2020 07:00:33
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Does it use a traditional "cam" shape as we know it or an eccentric? maybe a combination off the two with a strap around a cam shape so it makes contact on the far side of the rod's end and pulls it.

Another possibility would be a simple spring between cam follower and rod guide.

cam follower.jpg

Edited By JasonB on 18/10/2020 07:38:57

John Rutzen18/10/2020 07:32:36
289 forum posts
16 photos

Hi Jason, here is the link to the only video I've found of it running that shows the inside of the crankcase and the camshaft.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JqBQMRQ7RLs

Hope you can find that, for some reason it won't come up as a link.

JasonB18/10/2020 07:46:54
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I'll need to study that a bit more but it looks like the rod is being pushed by the cam and then acting on a bell crank which gives the lifting action rather than pushing down on the valve camera cuts away too soon.

John Rutzen06/11/2020 17:26:33
289 forum posts
16 photos

Hi Jason,

I've incorporporated a bell crank into one of the valves and a lever into the other. I would like to use an aluminium alloy cylinder head because I have lots of block of a suitable size. I am basically following E T Westbury's engine design for his road roller where I can. He uses a caged inlet valve and the exhaust valve is seated on the cast iron head. Do you think I could use a bolted on bronze inlet valve cage and loctite a bronze valve seat into the aluminium head? I thought bronze would be better than iron or steel because its' coefficient of expansion is closer to that of the aluminium.

Edited By John Rutzen on 06/11/2020 17:27:09

JasonB06/11/2020 19:21:51
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19178 forum posts
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You could make the seat and cage all as one and have it a light press fit from the inside adding a drop of 648 Loctite for good measure. Exhaust passage is drilled once cage is in place. This is how the Nemett engines are done.

valve cage.jpg

John Rutzen07/11/2020 17:37:22
289 forum posts
16 photos

dsc_0053.jpgdsc_0052.jpgdsc_0051.jpgThanks Jason,

i'm uploading some photos of the drawings here and one of the fabricated crankcase that I've just made. I found that 6mm steel is very difficult to heat up enough to silver solder it [with propane]. Much harder than copper and I've made a 5 inch gauge boiler.

dsc_0047.jpg

John Rutzen07/11/2020 17:39:21
289 forum posts
16 photos

Sorry the drawings aren't great but I hope you can get the general idea of the valve arrangement. I tend to draw full size and scale parts off the drawing. Hopefully I'll learn CAD one day but I find drawing much quicker.

JasonB07/11/2020 18:23:46
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Drawings are clear enough to see, those bronze cages should be fine. Crankcase is looking good too.

John Rutzen07/11/2020 20:28:27
289 forum posts
16 photos

Thanks Jason, I appreciate your input.

John Rutzen11/11/2020 08:46:10
289 forum posts
16 photos

Hi, I'm trying to work out how to make the cylinder liner and piston for my engine. I've read E T Westbury's articles which say lapping is necessary but I understand that it's possible to use a viton O ring instead of piston rings and having never made piston rings I like that idea better. My question is how to finish the bore for the O ring and how to finish the piston to suit. Both will be cast iron. Thank you.

JasonB11/11/2020 10:21:41
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19178 forum posts
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I just use a brake cylinder hone to finish the CI bore and the piston is as it comes off the lathe. You don't want a lot of squash of the rings and a single Viton one will do.

John Rutzen11/11/2020 12:59:59
289 forum posts
16 photos

Thanks Jason, I was looking on eBay for a hone and they seem to be about £7 to £12 . I know nothing about them so is there anything to look out for when buying one? The cylinder bore is 30mm so what section O ring would you recommend?

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