By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Find out more
Forum sponsored by:
Forum sponsored by Allendale Jan 24th

Death of a PSU

All Topics | Latest Posts

Search for:  in Thread Title in  
Robin Graham25/07/2020 00:28:48
763 forum posts
188 photos

I've had a dead SINO DRO unit on my shelf for years. I'm trying to upgrade my mill to glass scales, so thought I'd have another look at the display unit as I'd been told the most common failure with these devices is the PSU. So maybe an easy fix.

And so it turned out - the display works fine with an external 5V supply.

My question (to which I think I might know the answer, but have to ask) is whether it is worth trying to repair the PSU. This is what it looks like:

sinopsu.jpg

The fuse under the connector block is open circuit and something's clearly gone wrong with the component marked Z1 to the left of the capacitor at the bottom of the pic. From the underside:

pcb_underside.jpg

I can get a slot-in replacement unit for 20 quid, so that's what I'll probably do - but I'd be interested in any info from the electronics bods on this forum about the possibility of repair and the probable reason for failure.

Robin.

 

Edited By Robin Graham on 25/07/2020 00:33:22

Joseph Noci 125/07/2020 07:25:42
747 forum posts
948 photos

Most of those types of converters are designed to a price and the integrity of the design around the switching device, any related snubber network and the excess voltage ratings of devices is cut to the bare minimum to save the pennies. So, even relatively benign conditions, a spike or surge on the mains line, perhaps from the powering one/off of the attached machines drive motor, etc can cause higher than normal voltage spikes on the switch devices and pop..Another killer is heat - In your supply the main switch device is on a reasonable heat sink, but in many instances the rest of the parts tend to be underrated , especially electrolytic capacitors - they tend to 'dry' out internally - rather, the electrolyte may dissipate from the active surfaces in the cap, and the cap becomes ineffective, loses capacity, becomes higher impedance.

I believe in your supply, the controller is the 8 pin DIP package device - the other nearby seems to be the feedback optocoupler.

I suspect the 8 pin device, the controller, is dead as well - the burnt pcb track on the underside connects to that device and for the track to burn like that implies that device went short circuit. That would most likely have been caused by the main switch - the device on the heatsink - having gone short circuit to start with - if it were only that switch, it might have been worth trying a repair, but it will now be multiple devices dead, and maybe electrolytics that need replacing

In a repair of such converters you don't really get much chance to measure around with a 'scope or meter when debugging and replacing parts - any non-working part in the mains input side of the converter chain invariably results in, as a minimum , letting the magic smoke out on switch-on, or a big bang, with money down the drain each time..

Toss it and get another

Joe

Andrew Johnston25/07/2020 08:59:01
avatar
5657 forum posts
653 photos

Given that the DIL is actually 7 pins I expect it's a custom chip that won't be available, even from the likes of Farnell and RS. I'd agree with Joe, bin it.

Andrew

john fletcher 125/07/2020 09:47:39
623 forum posts

I'm no expert but wouldn't an 5 volt ex computer ex computer power supply be OK ? or in fact any 5 volt DC psu John

John Haine25/07/2020 10:24:59
3328 forum posts
176 photos
Posted by Andrew Johnston on 25/07/2020 08:59:01:

Given that the DIL is actually 7 pins I expect it's a custom chip that won't be available, even from the likes of Farnell and RS. I'd agree with Joe, bin it.

Andrew

Or was 8 pins before it blew?

Mike Poole25/07/2020 10:38:43
avatar
Moderator
2739 forum posts
64 photos

Interesting that it has TDK lambda printed on the circuit board who usually make high quality PSUs, a 5v 2A psu from eBay is about £6.50 which at that price makes fixing it barely worth the trouble but fixing it will also be satisfying and make a contribution to reducing our electronic waste mountain.

Mike

mgnbuk25/07/2020 10:48:18
800 forum posts
61 photos

Or was 8 pins before it blew?

From a close look at the pictures, I would say not. The solder covering the vacant hole in the pcb looks to be undisturbed.

Nigel B.

Joseph Noci 125/07/2020 10:49:24
747 forum posts
948 photos

I am sure that device is a one of the SANKEN STR-A6000 series - available from Digi-Key for example - $2.00

See datasheet -

But - $2.00, another $3-4.00 for the power FET, maybe $3 - 4.00 for electrolytics, maybe the schottky rectifier post-switcher is also blown...$ could be $10.00 or more to repair, and maybe only works second time round..

The terminal block and input XR rated caps are useful - the rest is scrap!

dc_dc converter.jpg

Joseph Noci 125/07/2020 10:56:30
747 forum posts
948 photos
Posted by john fletcher 1 on 25/07/2020 09:47:39:

I'm no expert but wouldn't an 5 volt ex computer ex computer power supply be OK ? or in fact any 5 volt DC psu John

Absolutely - I suppose the problem is that the replacement has a place it needs to fit into, and unless the proposed PC supply is of small form factor, it would be to big..

Not sure what the current requirements are for the DRO - If Robin could read off the controller's part number we can see from the data sheet which chip it is and what the supposed wattage it is capable of.

Joe

Andrew Johnston25/07/2020 11:01:59
avatar
5657 forum posts
653 photos
Posted by John Haine on 25/07/2020 10:24:59:

Or was 8 pins before it blew?

Looking at the underside there's no evidence that a pin was ever soldered in the location of the missing pin. I've seen a lot of fudged ICs, but never seen a pin missing without leaving evidence of the failure. smile

Andrew

Kiwi Bloke25/07/2020 11:26:33
461 forum posts
1 photos

Difficult to see from the pix, but is Z1 a rather chunky SMD, mounted on the underside of the board, and has it failed? Sometimes, Zeners run too hot because a higher current version should have been specified. Can you discover its voltage? At least there are holes in the pcb, so it might be worth soldering in a new one - easy, as it doesn't need to be a fiddly SMD, given the holes. Gotta be optimistic!

Les Jones 125/07/2020 11:52:20
2161 forum posts
149 photos

The TNY264 is also a 7 pin low power switch mode regulator chip. It would be nice to know the part number of the chip on the board as the picture is not good enough to read it.

Les.

Chris Shelton25/07/2020 12:08:13
avatar
92 forum posts
46 photos

The space made by the missing pin is for isolation.

Andrew Johnston25/07/2020 12:37:41
avatar
5657 forum posts
653 photos
Posted by Chris Shelton on 25/07/2020 12:08:13:

The space made by the missing pin is for isolation.

That's the theory; it should provide creepage and clearance between the switching waveform and a low voltage supply that powers the IC. But look at the tracking on the underside of the PCB - completely negates any isolation obtained from the missing pin.

Andrew

Joseph Noci 125/07/2020 12:41:29
747 forum posts
948 photos

Well, we are not going to repair this thing with all our guessing, but the fix will for sure NOT be just a zener replacement!

The PCB track is blown away, it is no more, not even nailed to the PCB anymore...and that track is the feed between the 400VDC ( from the large cap) and into the transformer, then on to the FET. The many 1206 SMD resistors top left 2nd pic are all current sense from the FET switch. The ONLY reason for the blown track is that the FET switch is a short now...which then often shorts drain to gate, which places 400VDC onto the control chip gate driver which pops it which....

Joe

Andrew Johnston25/07/2020 13:22:45
avatar
5657 forum posts
653 photos
Posted by Joseph Noci 1 on 25/07/2020 12:41:29:

The many 1206 SMD resistors top left 2nd pic are all current sense from the FET switch.

I think they're part of the primary winding snubber?

I can't tie up the layout with the Sanken datasheet, so I don't think the IC is the one shown on the datasheet.

Neil Wyatt25/07/2020 13:33:40
avatar
Moderator
18232 forum posts
714 photos
77 articles

I'd buy a cheap replacement to fit, and snarf enough bits to cover the difference in price between that and a possible dodgy repair.

SMPSUs are the one broken bit of electronics I avoid bodging.

Neil

Robert Atkinson 225/07/2020 14:01:21
avatar
768 forum posts
17 photos

For a small single output SMPS like this any kind of high energy failure, e.g blown tracks or exploded components, makes them poor candidates for repair. Just replace it. with the same or similar. The induced currents and voltages from a high energy failure can damage multiple components. You can change the obvious ones on have it go bang first time you switch it on. Less obviously compoonents may have been stressed making future failure more likely.
Faultfinding on this type of supply needs caution and a good understanding of high voltage hazards.

Robert G8RPI.

Robin Graham25/07/2020 19:07:39
763 forum posts
188 photos

Thanks for replies. It sounds like the unit is beyond economic repair, as I suspected. Out of interest though, here is the 7-pin chip in more detail:

img_2357.jpg

and the site of explosion:

fullsizerender.jpg

The unit is rated 5V 7A - the plate on the DRO gives a power rating of 25VA.

I actually have a cheap 5V 10A psu which would do the job but, as Joseph correctly guessed, the problem is the size. The existing unit (TDK-Lambda CS35-5) is 3.9x3.2x1.4 inches - the replacement from RS I'm looking appears to be a direct replacement. As far as I can tell from my researches, the CS35-5 is no longer available having been superseded by LS-35-5.

If anyone can point to a cheaper alternative which would fit, that would of course be welcome!

Robin

duncan webster26/07/2020 00:25:19
avatar
2795 forum posts
41 photos

Does it have to be internal? Put the PSU you've got on a flying lead and mount it externally, it's not as ig a DRO display needs to be terribly portable

All Topics | Latest Posts

Please login to post a reply.

Magazine Locator

Want the latest issue of Model Engineer or Model Engineers' Workshop? Use our magazine locator links to find your nearest stockist!

Find Model Engineer & Model Engineers' Workshop

Support Our Partners
ChesterUK
Eccentric July 5 2018
cowells
emcomachinetools
EngineDIY
Warco
Eccentric Engineering
Subscription Offer

Latest "For Sale" Ads
Latest "Wanted" Ads
Get In Touch!

Do you want to contact the Model Engineer and Model Engineers' Workshop team?

You can contact us by phone, mail or email about the magazines including becoming a contributor, submitting reader's letters or making queries about articles. You can also get in touch about this website, advertising or other general issues.

Click THIS LINK for full contact details.

For subscription issues please see THIS LINK.

Digital Back Issues

Social Media online

'Like' us on Facebook
Follow us on Facebook

Follow us on Twitter
 Twitter Logo

Pin us on Pinterest