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Ramon Wilson13/01/2020 19:27:15
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730 forum posts
88 photos

'Waltzed off to local engineers emporium' eh Graham - coo I wish. Time was there was a choice of several - all sadly gone but one and that ain't like it used to be.

Hope your assembly goes well, as said it will be a few weeks before I get going on mine but everythings ready to make a start - 'cept time!

Tug

Graham Williams 1118/01/2020 19:34:29
65 forum posts
40 photos

Same here as to engineer merchants Tug, only one left where there used to be 4 and usually it's we don't have it but I can get it in a couple of days. Assembly didn't go well as the rotor and drive peg didn't match. Made the rotor using a template filed up from 3/16" bar marking out the centre to drive peg hole and centre popping for the holes which I thought was cock on. Decided to start again and filed up another template with holes distanced using my DRO on my small mill/drill. When I then mounted the tufnol blank to the template saw then that the holding pin, 2BA, was a really poor fit in the hole (3/16" dia) allowing fhe centre hole to drive hole distance to be off so turned up a complete tight fitting pin in the template. Filed the Tufnol, after turning it to dia and centre hole to drg., and fitted it to the backplate and tried assembly again. You live and learn as this time lined up perfectly and bottom end rotated freely so well chuffed. Decided now that I don't like the fit of the prop driver parts so will re-make them and see how it looks.

Cheers

Graham W

Ramon Wilson21/01/2020 12:25:25
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730 forum posts
88 photos

Yep, sometimes it has to go wrong to learn from it Graham. I usually put the drive hole in the rotor on the mill and then very slightly elongate it to compensate for any deviation. This is something that has got to be right for the car engine - Hugh suggested just a slot on the driven side but I'd prefer to have it aligning if possible.

You can't be far off a run now - anticipation at this end is steadilly growing wink

Regards - Tug

Graham Williams 1124/01/2020 11:41:16
65 forum posts
40 photos

Well that's a disappointment Tried all day yesterday to see if I could get the engine to fire.......... nothing. Took it all apart to check if I'd made something wrong but it checked out. Thought the piston fit was a bit tight though as it loaded up the con-rod close to TDC so made another piston 0.0003 smaller (according to my digital mic) which seemed better to rotate easier. Tried again but still no go even on a prime, zilch!. Think it's time to go see John for him to have a look see, if he can't find the problem will have an expensive paperweight LoL.

Graham W

John MC24/01/2020 12:42:28
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279 forum posts
38 photos

What fuel are you using?

John

Roy Vaughn24/01/2020 12:47:49
31 forum posts
4 photos

Graham, fit of the first piston sounds fine so long as the liner is not too tapered and the contrapiston doesn't leak. Check the fuel and that you have the compression up high enough. I'm intrigued as to why you made a new piston when you could have simply lapped the original a bit.

Roy

JasonB24/01/2020 13:04:59
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Moderator
18124 forum posts
1996 photos
1 articles

As John MC has hinted they do nor run on diesel that you get at the petrol station

John MC24/01/2020 14:25:52
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279 forum posts
38 photos
Posted by JasonB on 24/01/2020 13:04:59:

As John MC has hinted they do nor run on diesel that you get at the petrol station

I do hope the OP is not thinking I'm suggesting that he is using pump diesel!

The reason I ask is that I'm wondering what the preferred fuel is, its been a while since I bought any. What with the demise of my local model shop, I'm not sure what to buy. to get my latest engine running.

John

Graham Williams 1124/01/2020 14:40:18
65 forum posts
40 photos

OK Guys, fuel is 2 maybe 3 year old D2000, again, Missuses car don't run on diesel from the filling station either as she's now found out coz the new one is petrol powered!!! !have got my suspicions about the fuel, nearest supplier of the good???? new stuff is a distance away but do also have the offer of trying some home brew.

Had made another piston to fit the first liner I made out of EN3, consensus was EN1A was better so made one out of that and that's the one in the engine. Depends on feel I know but first piston miked up at 0.56625 and the second (tight) one 0.56655.The lap I made to do the liner had 0.001 taper as near as I can currently measure. Contra-piston was lapped and is a good fit with no perceptible leak round it. In the past how I've tried to set compression is to advance it and rotate engine until contact can be felt near TDC with piston and then back off 1 turn and start from there.

Think I'll rebuild the Velo gearbox for some light relief.

Graham W

Ramon Wilson24/01/2020 23:21:32
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730 forum posts
88 photos

Hello Graham, just read of your disappointment but don't despair just yet.

First off you say your fuel is a couple of years or more old - that shouldn't be a problem but... if the cap wasn't on really tight the ether content can gradually evaporate away - seen that happen more than once which usually leads to blaming everything bar the fuel. Do you have another engine that you know runs you can test it with? That said John will have some fresh stuff for sure.

Your piston fit 'sounds' okay to me from your description - a good test if you are not too sure is to prime the exhaust with some neat paraffin and just slowly turn the piston up the bore against compression - you should get a degree of bubbling around the exhaust ports but not too excessive - try again with some fuel - if it is excessive then your piston/liner fit may need addressing.

If the compression feels okay it's got to be something really out of kilter not to at least get a fire from a prime unless of course you have it well and truly flooded. In that case if it feels 'wet' close the needle completely, keep flicking and blowing across the exhaust ports until it seems 'dry'. From this point gently adjust the comp on exhaust primes alone until you get a burst. That should happen 'all things being equal' on the build quality. Once you get a couple of bursts from an exhaust prime gradually open the needle a bit at a time until the bursts start to lengthen hopefully finally into a run.

If you can't get it to fire at all then it's rethink time I guess but if anyone can get it to work it'll be Johnny Alcockwink

Don't give in quite yet

Regards - Tug

Graham Williams 1125/01/2020 14:07:07
65 forum posts
40 photos

Hello Tug. Did as you suggested and tried an old AM25 with a port prime and it fired up no probs so fuel looks OK. Tried the Nalon again as you suggested and finally got it to fire on a port prime but noticed that fuel or gas? was blowing out the Venturi. So took it apart once again and I think I may have misread the drgs as to rotor layout, ie centre pin and rotor drive hole are on the wrong side, nothing to lose so out comes the Tufnol for another try. John is going to run his eye over it and a Mills that always runs backwards next week so hopefully it'll be fixed. Thanks again for your continued input.

Cheers

Graham W

Ramon Wilson25/01/2020 20:45:11
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730 forum posts
88 photos

Good news Graham - if it will fire on a prime then it should run providing all the parameters are right - that includes the rotor of course smiley.

You won't be the first to make that mistake though wink and you'll soon have another done.

I had a real issue with one of my Etas at an Old Warden do - it had performed well before but it simply would not run other than firing on a prime and immediately stopping. The symptoms were of flooding but strangely there didn't appear to be an excess of fuel in the cylinder. Finally gave up, concluding something was wrong inside rather than the engine itself, and left it till I got home. Turned out I had been rather over enthusiastic with the after run oil when putting it away previously - taking the backplate off revealed the case was virtually full of oil - soon as it had fired it had stopped itself. Poured the oil out and it was away with no problems.

Another flooding issue was on the second Hunter - I had only run one of them previously - opened the needle the usual amount, exhaust prime and a couple of chokes and immediately went into a flooded situation. Did as I recommended to you - closed the needle off and kept flicking till it fired - it then broke into a lovely consistent run with the needle fully closed! I hadn't seated the needle all the way home when soldering it to the thimble so open 2 1/2 turns was more like 5!

All the fun of making these fascinating little engines - getting a sore set of fingers that islaugh

Keep on trying - Tug

Graham Williams 1126/01/2020 09:44:56
65 forum posts
40 photos

Well after 2 new rotors, 2 new rotor pins, 2 liners, 2 cylinder jackets, 2 pistons and 2 prop driver+ collets it runs. Needle is right out so think I need to open out the holes a tad, It's loud, don't know the revs but spinning well on a 9x4.

Tug. When I assembled it initially used liberal amounts of after run oil and am wondering if that was the problem you indicated with your ETA. Thanks for all your input Guys and the merry quips.

Cheers

Graham W

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Ramon Wilson26/01/2020 13:39:27
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730 forum posts
88 photos

Well done Graham - knew you'd get there in the end, I bet that brought a big grin to your face smiley well worth the persistence eh?

If the needle is right out sounds like you may be metering at the cross hole - possibly the jet hole is a little deep past the cross hole in the spray bar, a finer taper might help or make a new spray bar with the jet hole a mil or so deeper than the cross hole.

Sounds like you have near enough for a second engine too. Any thoughts on another (different) engine or is it time to rebuild those AM's etc

Great result mate - congratulations all round on a super effort yesyes

 

Regards - Tug

 

Edited By Ramon Wilson on 26/01/2020 13:44:38

Graham Williams 1126/01/2020 15:43:09
65 forum posts
40 photos

Thanks Tug, am well chuffed smiley.Will check the relative positions of the jet and cross holes, needle is at 7 deg. taper which is what I've used since reading an article about Gordon Burford, cross holes are smaller than I've made in the past which have been 1mm so thought it may have been that. As to what to do next, will have to be the AM25s, simple engines but I like them. Was also thinking of a FRV such as the Holly Buddy which I have the plans for and even modding the Nalon design with a longer crankshaft and front housing so I can use a sealed (1side) front bearing, sealed ones only available 1/32" wider than original spec.

Looking forward to your tether engine build, hope the plans are coming together well.

Regards

Graham W

John MC26/01/2020 17:08:09
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279 forum posts
38 photos

Great to see the engine running Graham. I'm presently building two engines, close to completion now. One of them has had two pistons already, I use an external hone to finish a piston and neglected to true the hone before sizing the piston!

Old School26/01/2020 17:20:02
335 forum posts
29 photos

It's great when they run for the time, well done. Now onto the next one.

Graham Williams 1126/01/2020 18:44:07
65 forum posts
40 photos

John MC. What engines are you making, are they Nalons? if yes MK1 or 2 or something completely different? Been shown a different method to lap how I did my pistons using a hand held external lap with piston mounted in the lathe on a jig for want of another term, the method is more like a split collet held in a 3 jaw chuck of a Hobbymat and adjusted by closing the jaws , piston is held on an old conrod and entered into the collet, engineer who uses this method has done many many performance engines and has a wealth of knowledge so will try this next time around

John MC27/01/2020 11:46:57
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279 forum posts
38 photos

I hone both cylinder and piston using Delapena equipment, one photo show a small cylinder being honed while the other two photos show the external honing equipment, one is with the hone on a truing mandrel. To fit a piston (and contra piston) I turn a length of suitable bar to ~0,002" then hone to size, I make the contra piston quite tight compared with the piston. I've "rebored" many more cylinders for others than I've finished cylinders for myself!

Earlier on in this thread I commented the mounting of the crankshaft bearings being poor so I thought I would have a go at doing the job properly with the Nalon Viper, I've modified the "cooling system as well, the cylinder in the photo is for the Viper. Thats one of the engines I'm building, the other is another diesel of my own design, more or less, again with rolling element crankshaft bearing but with a different arrangement from what I have seen in many years.

John

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Graham Williams 1127/01/2020 13:08:43
65 forum posts
40 photos

Hello John, was turned away from going the speedhone route as I was informed that it was impossible to get the required 'pinch' near TDC in the liner using one, do you not bother with trying to get that slight taper or is there a way of doing it using a Delapena type? I have something similar to your second photo, built from a kit supplied by a company near Long Eaton whose name eludes me but it doesn't go down small enough to do these small pistons. Up to now have made a circular hand held external hone to a design I found on the web for each piston which is time consuming, using an Alum split collet type would appear to be much quicker and so bought a mini lathe to do all the lapping on

More pictures would be good.

Cheers

Graham W

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