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Twin Tube HF fluorescent lighting for the workshop

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Neil Wyatt13/10/2018 18:21:47
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Posted by Andrew Tinsley on 13/10/2018 17:36:01:

Hello Neil,

Now I am really confused! As soon as current flows (electrons one way and ions the other!).

The current flow is almost all electrons from cathode to anode. Presumably they need some distance to build up speed and the anode end is brighter.

Andrew Tinsley13/10/2018 18:24:15
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The use of three phase in an office would go someway to reducing 100Hz flicker. Good point Frances! However I think the flicker most if not all people see with choke fed fluorescents is NOT 100Hz, but flicker due to near end of life effects.

Andrew.

Neil Wyatt13/10/2018 18:30:57
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No, I've found it on Wikipedia.

Under Electrical Ballast:

"In ballasts that control two or more lamps, line-frequency ballasts commonly use different phase relationships between the multiple lamps. This not only mitigates the flicker of the individual lamps, it also helps maintain a high power factor. These ballasts are often called lead-lag ballasts because the current in one lamp leads the mains phase and the current in the other lamp lags the mains phase. "

Under Fluorescent Lamp:

"Even among persons not sensitive to light flicker, a stroboscopic effect can be noticed, where something spinning at just the right speed may appear stationary if illuminated solely by a single fluorescent lamp. This effect is eliminated by paired lamps operating on a lead-lag ballast. "

Emgee13/10/2018 18:58:10
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As Neil says Thorn lighting used to sell matched lead/lag flurouscent lights to not only improve PF but also reduce strobe effect.

In the 1970' and 80's most electrical specifications for factories where machinery was to be be used stated the need to connect lighting in large areas using all 3 phases to reduce strobe effect.

Emgee 

Edited By Emgee on 13/10/2018 19:03:27

Frances IoM13/10/2018 19:55:38
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in the very large open plan offices in the late 70s and 80s tubes were changed on a regular schedule irrespective of use but designed so that all tubes were replaced well before end of life - one feature I was due to add to control software was to report on actual usage of each tube but I left the consultancy before it was approved. I suspect that the cost of tubes was small wrt labour cost to change them and that a fixed sweep through a floor was cheaper to administer. In those days complete floors of dealers would be switched around between European, Japanese + American business hours over a night with partitions etc also moved - all our testing was done between 1am and 3am.

Edited By Frances IoM on 13/10/2018 20:01:50

Adam Harris15/10/2018 15:33:40
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For those interested in the tripping of the 30mA RCD problem, I have now independently switched all 5 twin HF 70W "Viper" fluorescents rather than wiring in parallel and if switched on one after the other, they work absolutely fine with no RCD tripping. Thus it must be the start up surge that trips the RCD when more than one is started at the same moment. There is no evidence of running earth leakage from 700w of this fluoresecent lighting which was my other concern.

Adam Harris15/10/2018 15:34:13
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They are extremely good and cheap lights

Jon16/10/2018 13:03:41
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Glad your sorted Adam.

For some time, decades have run cheap fluorescents likes of Wickes from a 4 bank switch.
Rear of partition of shop on 1 switch
Right side a single on 1 switch
Left side now a twin on 1 switch
Left further down on another switch.
Loft is linked in parralel off one of the feeds via a pull cord.
Never ever tripped a 6A MCB but the invertor and compressor did multiple times an hour on different circuits.

Only time notice any flickering whatso ever is when a tubes on its way out.
Also i dont buy rotational argument with what appears stationary, got a piccy some where from 16 yrs ago chuck spinning 1000rpm, quite blatant.
24 yrs ago an 100hz telly new out then you could detect strobing by waving your hand across. 50hz real easy to see.

Have seen some sellers stating the K rating for fluorescents, lower the softer whereas high 6000K its whiter and 'seemingly' brighter along hurtful eyes and shadowing with led! When a tube goes i just pop down to local hardware and buy one there and then paying over the odds around £4.

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