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Member postings for Sam Stones

Here is a list of all the postings Sam Stones has made in our forums. Click on a thread name to jump to the thread.

Thread: Macro-photography
30/09/2020 00:13:06

Well Bill, call me Rip Van Winkle.

When did in-camera focus stacking turn up?


Thread: Help needed - Video editing software for free.
14/08/2020 03:41:57

Thanks Paul. Yes, PowerDirector was my choice too.

I've also sent you a PM.



13/08/2020 21:32:55

Having gone ‘A about F’, it was much easier than I thought.

My friend’s laptop has Windows 10 and the video editor already installed.

Thanks to each of you for your leg up.


Thread: Deburring Stones (stones for deburring)
12/08/2020 01:50:41

Tongue in cheek Lee, yes I do have a few sharp edgescheeky

A while ago, I bought a so-called oil stone from the local superstore without there being any indication of its quality. I was expecting a typical double-sided oil stone for sharpening wood chisels etc.

When I came to use it however, I found it was softer than the donkey stones my mother did the steps with; actually the latter is not quite true.

One of the stones I value in my toolbox is Arkansas.

A bit brittle but gives a good final finish.


Thread: Help needed - Video editing software for free.
12/08/2020 01:39:35

Although I bought my editor (several years ago), I can see that there are several that can be down loaded for free.

To help a friend, I'd appreciate member's comments about their preferences.

Thanking you in advance.


Thread: Hieroglyphics on a Wehlen & Co clock face
10/08/2020 23:57:09

It is twelve months since I opened this thread, so I thought it appropriate to provide some sort of closure.

Several things have happened. In particular have been responses from specialists from both the BHI and the AHS.

Here for reference are the main photographs that I provided for their examination …


Here [in italics] are some of their responses. They are in no particular order nor have I mentioned the names of the people that were so very helpful …

‘The important thing for the clock dial is that G. P. Wehlen was a Freemason. He was initiated in 1867 to the no. 511 or 752 Zetland Lodge, meeting in Fleet Street, and initiated again in 1882 to the no.1969 Waldeck Lodge, meeting at Freemason's Hall.’

It was also suggest that… ‘the clock was either G. P. Wehlen's personal clock, or was supplied by him to one of his fellow masons.’

Further, it was suggested that … ‘the hieroglyphs are the equivalent initials from an ancient alphabet, that the members of one or other of these lodges might have had to learn as part of their masonic study or ritual’.

In the same reply was the comment that … ‘not being a mason myself, I don't know how much the rituals vary between lodges, or whether if the particular lodge no longer exists (or if the information is too closely protected) perhaps nobody would be able to confirm’.

It was suggested that … ‘from the writing on the reverse of the dial, that G. P. W. ordered it personally from a dial painter whom he knew well and generally used in his business. If he had it made to celebrate his masonic initiation, then it might date from 1867 or 1882, and possibly the type of clock can be dated to one of these years?’

Their guess suggested 1882, but they weren’t sure about marble clocks.

Further information offered was …

‘Gustav Paul Wehlen was a jeweller and clock importer. He also appears in directories as a seller of electroplate ware. He seems to have had several fairly grand London addresses concurrently.

He was born in 1838 in the Duchy of Holstein as Johann Paul Gustav Wehlen, the son of a watchmaker Friedrich Christopher Wehlen.

Married 14.10.1871 at St. George's Bloomsbury to Frances Balls, born in Colchester, daughter of William Balls, Gentleman.

Died 26.12.1890 at 20 Hyde Park Place, Bayswater, the home of his watchmaker brother George Wehlen.’

Another reply included … ‘It is our opinion that the clock was originally meant for the far eastern market and that Gustavus Paul Wehlen, who is listed in the 1881 census as a clock importer, imported the clock before putting his own name on the dial.’

And … ‘the pale marks above the name we believe are possibly Chinese characters which were subsequently overwritten by Wehlen when he imported the clock.’

Thanks to all who contributed to this thread.

There it should rest.


BHI = British Horological Institute

AHS = Antiquarian Horological Society

Thread: Taking a pair of wire cutters to a standard baseball cap
05/08/2020 20:08:20

How's this for coincidence?

One of Big Clive's ...


Keep safe,


05/08/2020 00:47:07

An apparently chargeable offence (in the RAF) was to modify the peak of ones cap by breaking the stitches and tilting the peak downwards.

Certain clever DIs and MPs managed to achieve a result such that the peak touched their nose while their eyes appeared one on each side, thus adding to their fearsome appearance.

There’s also a joke somewhere about needing eyes wide-enough apart to see through the windows of a railway engine.


03/08/2020 21:49:10

There must exist, irrefutable evidence to confirm that the fashion of wearing the cap back to front was a deliberate CIA/NSA ploy to ensure that the microchip embedded in the head band was closer to the wearer’s frontal lobes.

Thread: Which tool would cut Hardened steel ?
28/07/2020 23:59:13


In addition to the excellent information above, I feel sure that, besides noting how a piece of metal responds when rubbed with a file you’ll begin to notice, when grinding a piece of steel, how the sparks vary one type of steel to another. I couldn't find one, but someone here will now step forward with links to show where this was a forum topic.

While this next bit is somewhat over the top, it might be useful in the future …


Some basic questions … Does the steel resist filing and by how much, and are the sparks dull with few or no ‘feathers’ or bright and sparkling?

A classic ‘spark’ comparison would be that between a high speed steel (HSS) tool bit, and another common workshop material, silver steel. The former showing dull red sparks with few feathery bursts, while the (high carbon) silver steel sparkles with lots of feathery bursts.

Have fun,


Thread: ML7 3jaw pratt burnard
24/07/2020 21:08:38

Thanks for your reply Old Mart,

Only having used the three adjuster version of the Burnerd Griptru chuck, centralising felt odd when compared to using a normal four-jaw independent chuck.

The last time I used one was in '59.


Thread: Pinning joints before silver soldering.
23/07/2020 23:59:44

Robin, A simple jig might help if wire binding proves too difficult.

Here's one I made to save buying more brass than I needed.

fig 22 - maintaining-detent soldering jig.jpg

The Maintaining Detent

The Maintaining Detent

The large hole up the middle of the jig would be self explanatory. The brass bit was the maintaining detent for my skeleton clock.


Thread: ML7 3jaw pratt burnard
22/07/2020 01:12:47

Honing with a brass rod and lapping compound, I acknowledge, was a cheap and perhaps less desirable method of three-jaw ‘rectification’ and, upon reflection, hardly necessary anyway.

Not wishing to labour the point, I would however suggest that given any degree of play between the jaws and the chuck body, and a respectable NGP in the vertical direction, the jaws would tend to rotate/deflect (anti-clockwise in this diagram),


such that there would be more metal removed from the back of the jaws than the front, i.e. the opposite of bell mouthing. I would not care to determine what the results would be from lateral (jaw) twist.

"Twist'ut jaw and lack'ut theen" was a phrase I recall, although my vernacular spelling might be a bit suspect.

Given the need to carry out such 'improvements', I would certainly favour Old Mart’s hole-drilling technique.

Incidentally, the use of collets for repeatability and accuracy was my preference too, OM.

photo 1 - collets.jpg

These went with it when I sold the ML7.


NGP = Narrow guide principle

PS - Was there more than one version of the Griptru chuck? I can only relate to the version with tangential conical wedges. It was possible to centralise the chuck to within 0.0001", so long as you stayed with the same stock diameter, and in that case always selected the same keyhole for the chuck key.  

Edited By Sam Stones on 22/07/2020 01:18:00

21/07/2020 00:02:49


Apologies for hogging your thread.

Rather than leave it hanging however, I have to accept that my cheap method (brass bar honing) has its limitations. As you suggest Hopper, there could (would) have been errors associated with the fit of the jaws. The one certainty was that whenever I gripped a ½" diameter piece of material especially ground stock silver steel it was pleasing to see it running true, whatever that means. It was irrespective of whichever of the three chuck key holes I used.

I’m more convinced than before, that what I believed to be indications of case-hardening were nothing more than variations in the degree of ‘penetration’ between the (orange) ‘corners’ and the ¼" radius ‘channel’.


Old Mart, your comment about broken teeth adds to my probable error in that there was damage of that kind to one of the jaws, which may (or may not) have been damage I did or was the result of the previous owner. I certainly don’t recall anything going ‘with a bang’.

img_4236 - 3 jaw - trimmed.jpg

After a bit of Photoshop jiggery-pokery in the hope that I could see more of the honing, I was puzzled to see ‘deckled’ edges on both sets of jaws. I can only assume they were from single file strokes during de-burring at the time of manufacture.


20/07/2020 02:24:42

Pondering further on whether the ML7 Burnerd 3-jaw chuck jaws were case hardened or through hardened, I’m now wondering if the results of my (brass bar) honing exercise produced this (geometric) shape to the gripping area of the jaws, and that what I thought was an imprint of the hard skin (marked in orange) and softer core was incorrect.


Although it’s still an open question, I have no way of finding out because I sold everything in’007.


20/07/2020 00:32:52

I should check my spelling ...

It's Burnerd not Bernard!!!


20/07/2020 00:25:13

I have a question … ‘Are your chuck jaws through or case hardened?’

Applying lapping compound to a ½" diameter brass rod, I honed the gripping faces of the (outside) jaws of my ML7 Bernard three jaw.

At a slow spindle speed and the bar gripped in the ½" tailstock chuck, I slid the tailstock and the brass rod back and forth while occasionally adding gentle pressure to the jaws. I continued this process until there was a clean line from the front to the back of each jaw.

Later, (after much use) I noticed the appearance of a pattern on both the gripping surface of the jaws and marks in material e.g. aluminium. The imprinted pattern showed how the core material of the jaws had been impressed, while the ‘skin’ had remained less so.

While I have no direct photographic evidence, I found that the jaws were not through hardening but case hardened.

img_4236 - 3 jaw.jpg

I have mentioned this elsewhere but as I recall no one responded, presumably because no one else had observed the same effect or that it is not important.

At a guess, the chuck was new and came with the ML7 between the 40’s and 50’s.

Any comments?


Thread: Lamp Post Engine
13/07/2020 23:50:57


As an alternative (temporary) power supply, especially if you intend it to be a table display you could, instead, drive the steam engine, running the electric motor (and LEDs) from a battery. That way a compressed air supply would be unnecessary.

Okay! Not so cool?

I'll wash my mouth outcheeky


Thread: Just for fun
12/07/2020 23:07:24

It’s likely to be a sign of our age when we can recall BBC announcers ‘on the wireless’, asking us to call Whitehall 1212 (Scotland Yard) if we wanted to report anything suspicious. I was too young at the start of WWII to understand the significance when I first heard it. I did know Billy, my friend down the road, had a secret he wouldn’t tell his mother about.

Regarding 6255456376, MichaelG, barking up the right tree as is so often the case, got it in one while allowing me a bit of chuckle time.

Other answers were coming close with ESSO.OIL and SHELL.OIL from older style upside-down calculators.

However, insomniacs and night-time clock-watchers might realise that the numbers represent the number of segments displayed for 0 to 9 in the seven bit numerals of a digital clock etc.


If sleeping doesn’t come easily, and the digital clock is in full view, what about those other number patterns? For example, 232, or 555, or 437, or 327, or 127, or … has anyone still got their 1250 or done a 252?

Well, counting sheep is so old fashioned.

Keep safe,


Thread: We need Pi
11/07/2020 00:46:00

In days long gone having just gained an Associate of the Plastics Institute, I found it quaint to discover that their (neck) ties were appropriately strewn with the Greek letter π (PI) stitched into them in gold thread.

Eventually, I stopped wearing mine having realised that my joke [Having Pie on my tie] had also worn too thin.


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