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Member postings for Les Jones 1

Here is a list of all the postings Les Jones 1 has made in our forums. Click on a thread name to jump to the thread.

Thread: 3 Phase in a Model Engineers workshop
17/06/2020 09:44:36

One important question asked by Andrew Johnston on 14/6/20 at 09:31 has not yet been answered, I was thinking of doing a simple test using 6 old fashioned mains filament lamps of 60 to 100 watts rating. (All the same rating) The idea is to have three series connected pairs of lamps with each pair connected across the three phases on the motor. (Making the connection at the output side of the thermal trip that feeds the spindle motor is probably the easiest.) The brightness of the lamps would give a reasonable idea of phase balance.(50 watt GU10 bulbs could also be used as they are easier to obtain. ) Another test that could be done is to disconnect the spindle motor at the output of the thermal trip and see if the contactor stays in and the coolant pump motor runs. I am inclined to agree that someone is required on site who is used to working on three phase motors and tracing exactly how the contactor maintainer contact and interlocks are wired.


14/06/2020 09:19:45

Hi David,
I think you should start your own thread relating to your problem. It can get very confusing discussing a number of different problems in the same thread.

Hi Tony,
I think an extra picture of the isolator door with the camera moved to the left a bit or the door swung about 30 degrees more closed might help. In the original picture I can't decide if the terminals on what I think is the contactor are in the horizontal or vertical plane. ( I think from the fact that it looks like the contactor coil is at the bottom of the picture that the contacts are in the horizontal plane.) It might also help identify the two things either side of what I think is the contactor. ( My best guess on these is thermal overload cut outs, one for the main motor and one for the coolant pump.) I think the right hand set of the four contacts on the contactor is the maintainer set to hold the coil in when the start button is released. I will avoid making any more comments at the moment as Phil seems to be thinking along the right lines and recommending sensible actions to diagnose the problem.


Edited By Les Jones 1 on 14/06/2020 09:21:39

12/06/2020 20:22:28

It sounds like the contactor is not holding in. Is the start button just a push button switch or is it the type were the button actually pushes the contactor closed ? (It is probably just a push button as I have only seen the type were the start button pushes the contactor closed on hobby machines.) The start button is normally wired in parallel with an auxiliary contact on the main contactor. WITH THE MACHINE ISOLATED FROM THE POWER connect your multimeter set to a low ohms range to the two connections on the start button (You will probably get a reading of a few tens or hundreds of ohms at there will be a path through other circuits.) Now manually push in the main contactor. The resistance reading should drop to almost zero ohms.If you can post the internal wiring diagram of the machine that would be a great help to suggest other possible causes of the problem. I first thought the problem might be inbalance between phases but the fact that the contactor pulls in while the start switch is held in disproves this theory.


Thread: component tester
08/06/2020 08:47:29

I think you need to give more details than just "A component tester" For example model number, manufacturer, the magazine article you built it from. I think it is expecting a lot for it to be recognised from just a picture of the display.


Edited By Les Jones 1 on 08/06/2020 08:47:59

Thread: Lathe motor
28/05/2020 09:02:07

A series wound motor is a bad choice for driving a lathe as it's speed varies a lot with load. They can be reversed (Both when supplied with AC or DC.) but you need to change the internal wiring of the motor to reverse the relationship of the current through the armature and the field winding. If you supply some details of the motor that is fitted that may be a better option than the Kenwood motor.


Thread: Clark CL430 question on threads
24/05/2020 18:09:44

If it gives a change wheel setup for any thread you should be able to work out the leadscrew pitch. If you can't work it out post the information here ant there will be may members that can work out the leadscrew pitch.


Thread: Oscilloscope kits - any recommendations?
10/05/2020 14:24:03

7 BCD Scales
LSB Sent first.

Static state of clock line between frames Low
Time between start of frames 330 mS
Length of data frame 820 uS
Interrecord gap 329 mS
Time between stat of nibbles within frame 110 uS
Length of clock cycle about 12 uS
Time clock pulse is negative about 6 uS
Time clock pulse is positive about 6 uS
High level at start of frame about 55 uS
High level between nibbles about 60 uS
High level at end of frame about 60 uS

Clock in the data on the negative going edge.

Top nibble
Bit 0: sign. L = +, H = -
Bit 1: in inch-mode H means +0,0005 inch, unused in mm-mode.
Bit 2: unit: mm/inch. H= mm; L= inch
Bit 3: unknown.

28 bits in a frame of data

CPI 2540 (Metric)
iGaging (21 bit)

LSB sent first
The 21 bits are all used as a 21 bit binary number. (No bits used as flags.)

Static state of clock line between frames Low
Static state of data line between frames
Time between start of frames 7 mS
Length of data frame about 2.33 ms
Interrecord gap about 4.67 mS
Time between clock pulses about 111 us (Clock cycle time.)
Time clock pulse is negative about 89 uS
Time clock pulse is positive about 22 uS
High level at start of frame about uS

Clock in the data on the negative going edge.

CPI 2560

21 bits in a frame of data

I collected this information when I was writing code to read all the above types using an Atmel Attiny4314.


10/05/2020 14:21:22

Hi Robin,
This information on scale protocols may help you.

Scale protocol information.

2 * 24 bit scales

Data is sent as two groups of 24 bits.
Each group is a 24 bit binary number. The first bit received is the least significant bit.

are transferred LSB first! Also, data is 2's complement. (ie inverted Data signal at 0 volts = 1 at +1.5 volts = 0)

Static state of clock signal between frames Low
Time between start of frames 330 mS Normal mode 25 mS fast mode
Length of data frame 860 uS
Length of clock cycle about 14 uS
Time clock pulse is negative about 7 uS
Time clock pulse is positive about 7 uS
Initial high at start of frame about 52 uS
High in the middle of frame about 110 uS
High at end of frame about 80 uS

Clock in the data on the negative going edge.

The first group is the absolute position. It has some arbitary value at power on.
The second group is the relative position. This will be zero after the zero button is pressed.
Its value will be the difference between the absolute value when the zero button was pressed and
and the current absolute value.

48 bits in a frame of data

CPI 20480


HF (Bin 6 scales)
LSB Sent first.

Static state of clock line between frames High
Time between start of frames 180 mS (I measured about 210 mS)
(I have seen 133 mS quoted elsewhare.)
Time of gap between nibbles about 700 uS
Length of data frame 13 mS
Interrecord gap 167 mS
Time between start of nibbles within frame 2.2 mS
Clock cycle time about 450 uS
Time clock pulse is negative about 320 us (Logic 1)
Time clock pulse is positive about 130 us (Logic 0)

Clock in the data on the positive going edge.

The data output is the number displayed on the LCD display.
Set scales to metric mode and this will corespond to 2540 CPI ( 0.01 mm) per count)

24 bits of data (6 bytes) Least significant comes out first. Bits 0 to 19 is the reading in binary (The same value as that displayed in decimal on the scale display. Bit 20 is the sign bit set for negative Bits 0 to 19 are always a positive number.
Bit 23 is set when in inch mode.

24 bits in a frame of data

CPI 2540 (Metric) (2000 in imperial mode.)

This is only half of it as it would not let me include it all in 1 post. The rest is in my next post.


Thread: Motor Reverse
06/05/2020 19:54:16

Assuming that the black cable is the only other cable going to the motor as well as the blue cable to the capacitor then if the black cable is two conductors plus earth then the motor can't be reversed externally. If it is four conductors plus earth then it probably can be reversed externally. If you are prepared to take the motor apart then it may be possible to reverse it. This may involve digging into the end of the winding to get at the point where one end of the start winding is connected to one end of the run winding and to an external wire. the connection between these winding ends would have to be separated and brought out as two separate wires.


Thread: Cutting down a linear glass DRO encoder
05/05/2020 12:35:53

Hi Robin,
Thanks for the reply. I am now wondering if the connector on your scale is different to mine as the pin layout is different to a DIN connector.

Here are pictures of my plug.



Looking an the Farnell website I think I have identified the connector as a Binder 680 series connector.
This is the Farnell web page for the sockets.

I have also found a chasis mounting socket on ebay eBay item number: 362709678935

They are quite expensive so I think I wil try to make some kind of connector to test the scale. When I know it is OK I will fit a different connector to the scale.


04/05/2020 13:08:28

Hi Robin,
After reading this thread I have bought one of these scales from Arc Euro.(500mm) I notice from your other thread on the subject that you made an adapter cable. I thought at first that the connector on the scales was a 7 pin DIN but on checking I found the pin layout was different. I assume that you must have found a source for a 7 pin socket to match the scale. Could you please tell me what it is called and where you managed to obtain it. I think I can fit mine to my Seig X3 without having to shorten it.


Thread: What are you doing
04/05/2020 09:56:29

Have a look at this design for a saw table for these band saw that folds out of the way when using the bandsaw horizontally.


Thread: RCD socket
02/05/2020 18:24:32

Hi Neil,
I came across an RCD spur box ((Now they seem to call them connection points.) that came with a second hand stair lift I bought for my mother that would drop out if there was a power interruption on the input. I did not know if it was a special that was fitted as some kind of safety feature on stir lifts. I thought it was more of a negative feature as my mother then had to walk up the stairs to reset it. I did think of replacing it with one that did not need reseting after a power loss. (But I never got round to it.)


Thread: Imperial V Metric
02/05/2020 12:07:18

If I was cutting a 2.4 mm wide slot I would not use a 2.4 mm cutter even if I had one. I would use a 2mm cutter to cut a slot that would probably be a little over 2mm wide. I would then clean up the sides taking light cuts until the slot was 2.4 mm wide.


Thread: Brook Cub 1/2 hp Motor - Capacitor or not?
01/05/2020 15:38:08

I suspect it could be the centrifugal switch in the motor sticking in the open condition. The click may be the switch dropping back to the closed position. Have a look inside the dewhurst switch and check how many wires (Other than the earth wire.) go between the switch and the motor. If there are only two then the fault is almost certainly in the motor. If there are four then post a diagram of how they are connected to the switch. Do you have a multimeter ? This is so we can get you to do some tests to prove it is not the dewhurst switch. Is the switch a forward - off - reverse switch or just off - on ?


Thread: Wiring LED battens
12/04/2020 10:54:02

Do the wires to the original two lights come out at one point in the ceiling or two ?. Also how many wires come out at each point on the ceiling ? There may be more than three wires coming out out of the ceiling. One may be a permanent live which is joint to a wire going to the switch. There could be a third wire joined to this point taking the live feed on to feed something else.


Edited By Les Jones 1 on 12/04/2020 11:01:20

Thread: How do I drill this hole
05/04/2020 17:39:53

Sorry for missing those points.


05/04/2020 17:12:57

As the circle is 60' diameter i agree that the wheels are on the same axle does not matter. I am confused as it is a fully functional replica car how you are going to drive the axle. Are you going to machine out the diff housing and use bevel gears so the drive system is similar to the original or is the drive via spur gears or belt to a point close to a wheel ? If it is the second method how can it be considered a replica ?


05/04/2020 12:49:42

Would it not be easier to have the bearings in the wheels and the axle fixed. If it was done that way the hole would not need to be so precise. It could be clamped in position with grub screws. Also if it was to be a working model the wheels should not be locked together.


Thread: DC-DC converter
29/03/2020 17:59:52

They take almost no current so there is no need to use a switching regulator to save power. There is probably noise on the output a the switching frequency. I suggest using using an LM317L linear adjustable regulator and also fitting a few uf tantalum capacitor mounted in a dummy battery in the battery compartment of the calliper.


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