By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Find out more

Member postings for Les Jones 1

Here is a list of all the postings Les Jones 1 has made in our forums. Click on a thread name to jump to the thread.

Thread: Telephone Ringback Code?
27/06/2022 14:49:32

Here are some notes I made for the changeover to FTTP

Here is the information on the two ring signals.

For phone service from exchange via copper wires.

Ring sequence.
Voltages with respect to A line. (Plug pin 5)

Static state of B line -50 volts (Plug pin 2)

Incoming call line goes to about +50 volts with ring tone superimposed on it

Ring frequency about 25 hz (About 53 volts rms.)

T = 0 DC level goes from - 50 to +50 volts
T = 1.60 seconds Start of first ring tone burst.
T = 2.0 seconds end of first ring tone burst
T = 2.2 seconds start of second ring tone burst.
T = 2.66 seconds end of second ring tone burst.
T = 4.7 seconds Start of next pair of bursts.

Gap between pairs of bursts about 2.1 seconds.

For phone port on BT Smart Hub 2.

Ring frequency about 25 hz (About 54 volts rms.)

T = 0 DC level goes from +48 to -48 volts
T = 1.50 seconds Start of first ring tone burst.
T = 1.9 seconds end of first ring tone burst
T = 2.1 seconds start of second ring tone burst.
T = 2.5 seconds end of second ring tone burst.
T = 4.5 seconds Start of next pair of bursts.

Gap between pairs of bursts about 2.0 seconds.


I now have the phone port on the Smart Hub 2 working with two phones and a DECT phone base.

27/06/2022 14:37:49

I was also thinking the problem may be due to the lack of the capacitor that is fitted in the master socket between connections 2 & 3. .Older phones rely on the ring signal being being coupled to terminal 3. Modern phones only seem to need connections 2 and 5 to work. Provided your existing wiring includes a link between connection 3 of all the sockets only one master socket is required. So either add a 1.8 uF capacitor between connections 2 and 3 of one of the sockets OR replace any one of the sockets with a master socket. Regarding REN numbers. I think many modern phones put much less a load on the ringing circuit than a REN number of 1.
I have recently change to BT FTTP and the phone port on the Smart hub 2 works with two of our existing phones and a DECT base. (Non of our phones required the bell wire connection to pin 3 of the socket.)


Edited By Les Jones 1 on 27/06/2022 14:38:20

Edited By Les Jones 1 on 27/06/2022 14:38:56

Thread: Imperial v Metric Measures
09/04/2022 09:11:16

USB power banks always seem to be rated in mAH. So a 10000 mAH one is really 10 AH.Will the marketing people start to rate them in uAH to make them look bigger. So a 10 AH one would then be called 10000000 uAH.
I remember when metrification first came in I went to by some 6 foot lengths of 2" x 1" I said I want some 6 foot lengths of 2 x 1 but I assume now that will 2 metre lengths of 50 x 25 mm. I was told that they still sold it by the foot.


Thread: Mill lead screw thread size
08/04/2022 18:12:02

You can work out the pitch from the graduations on the hand wheel scale. The pitch is the distance travelled for one revolution of the hand wheel.If there are no graduations measure how far the table moves for 10 revolutions of the hand wheel and divide that distance by 10.


Thread: edm machines
01/03/2022 17:13:45

I have only built an EDM based on Ben Flemming's capacitor discharge design. I have modified the servo design to allow it to work with either electrode polarity. I have done this by adding a precision rectifier circuit to the input so that it works with either polarity sense input.

This is the schematic.


This is the power supply part so you can see the attenuation and filtering of the sense signal from the electrode.



Thread: Calculating Mount Point Speeds
25/02/2022 12:03:10

45 m/ sec is 45 x 60 metres per minute = 2700 m/min. One revolution of you grinding wheel is the diameter (D) In metres times π. (π is about 3.142 in case you have forgotten it from when you were at school.)

So the surface speed will π x D x RPM (In metres/min)
So rearranging this RPM = surface speed./(π x D)
So RPM =2700/(π x D)


Thread: (Another) Mini Lathe Speed Controller Problem
16/02/2022 20:07:51

I would NOT advise adjusting any of the potentiometers. Have you got the correct horsepower resistor to match the power rating of the motor on your lathe ? If the value of this resistor is too high it will limit the current (And hence the torque.) to too low a value. I am surprised the board works as well as it does after such a fault.


15/02/2022 10:39:44

I don't think just replacing the resistor is a good idea. From the way it has been destroyed I think the fault current was much more than a stalled motor would cause. I also think it is VERY likely that the diodes and SCRs that form the controlled bridge rectifier will have been damaged. It is also likely that the LM324 IC has been damaged. I suggest that you first test the diodes D13 and D14 and the SCRs. When first testing it with power applied I suggest connecting a 100 watt incandescent lamp in series with the mains input to limit the current. Also disconnect the motor from the control board and connect a small (Say 15 watt.) mains voltage bulb in it's place. Don't be tempted to fault find using an oscilloscope UNLESS YOU USE AN ISOLATING TRANSFORMER TO SUPPLY THE BOARD. This is because the common negative line will NOT BE AT GROUND POTENTIAL.


14/02/2022 22:41:32

I think the component WAS a ceramic resistor that is used to sense the motor current. I think the output connections to the motor must have been shorted out putting the full rectified mains voltage across it to cause it to fail in the way it has.

I think the board is a KBLC speed controller board and the resistor that has failed is R21.

This is a link to information on the board.


Edited By Les Jones 1 on 14/02/2022 22:50:45

Thread: Help wanted, DC motor speed controller issue
31/01/2022 19:55:38

As the SCRs and diodes have the L suffix they do not need to be insulated from the heatsink.. So that is one of the possible problems eliminated.

Don't worry about P1 and P3 being reversed. That would just swap over the low and high speed ends of the potentiometer. I would expect a reading of about 10 volts between these two points. The voltage on P2 With respect to P1 or P3 should change as the potentiometer is rotated,


Thread: Lathe Electric help
28/01/2022 19:31:18

Remove the two metal links on the motor. (leave the wires from inside the motor on the original terminals.)

This should do what you want,


If forward and reverse are the wrong way round swap over the wires to terminals U2 and W2


28/01/2022 17:16:20

Although your switch looks similar to the one in the video the connections may not be the same. The first step will be to test the way the switch behaves. If there are no markings on the connections mark them with numbers or letters to identify them. Then create a table showing connectivity between the connections in all three positions. (Off, forward, reverse.). When you have done this post the results so can give you a digram of how to connect it,


Thread: Help wanted, DC motor speed controller issue
28/01/2022 12:28:04

I realised after re reading you first post that I assumed it was a shunt wound motor with you mentioning field connections. It is useful to know it is definitely a permanent magnet motor. What is the information on the plate on the motor. (Voltage, current wattage , horsepower.)
I had assumed that the motor did not run at all when connected to the controller. Is this assumption correct ?
Can you post the circuit of exactly you have wired it up. (This is with it wired outside the machine to simplify things.
You are correct in connecting a permanent magnet motor to the A+ and A- terminals.
What is the part numbers of the original diodes and thyristors and the one you fitted as a replacement ? I ask this as some devices have insulated tabs and some have the tab connected to one of the terminals. Depending on the type just an insulating pad between the device and the heatsink may not be enough to insulate it from the heatsink. The fixing screw could connect the tab on the device to the heatsink. A photograph showing the diodes and thyristors in YOUR unit would help to clarify this potential problem.
Can you measure the voltage between the potentiometer connections P1 and P3. Then measure the voltage between P1 and P2, first with the potentiometer fully anticlockwise then about half way and then fully clockwise.


27/01/2022 13:00:32

You have not answered the question of which connections measured 110 volts (Field connections or armature connections.)
You start by saying "This link" but you do not give any details for the link.
Two of the diodes and the two SCRs form a phase controlled bridge rectifier. This output will be to the armature and the average voltage output is controlled by how much delay there is between the zero crossing point of the AC waveform ant the point at which the SCRs are triggered.
The 3rd diode provides a half wave rectified of a constant voltage for the motor field winding.
As the motor only has two wires coming out of it you will need to dismantle it to bring out the field and armature connections separately.


26/01/2022 17:58:23

Hi John,
I asked for information on the motor in case it is not a shunt wound motor. It is possible that it is a series wound motor that someone has attempted to use as a shunt connected motor.


26/01/2022 14:42:53

The controller should have two outputs to the motor. The one that goes to the field winding will be a fixed voltage. The one that connects to the brushes will be controlled by the speed potentiometer. Which connection did you get a constant reading of 110 volts ? I have not been able to find the schematic online for your speed controller But I do have a schematic of the KBIC 240D controller. If yours is a similar design it would explain why you get a reading of 110 volts rather than about 240. The 240D uses half wave rectification for the field supply so you will be reading the average voltage of half wave rectified 240 volts. I suggest that you measure the voltage to the armature and see if that is present and varies with the speed potentiometer setting. It would be helpful if you could provide a link to the information on your controller and any information on the motor.


Thread: reversing a single phase motor
15/01/2022 14:59:39

Most motors have a diagram stuck to the cover plate on the terminal box showing how to reverse it.

My guess would be that the red and black wires connected to terminals A and Z are the main winding. If I am right then swapping them over so that the black wire goes to Z and the red wire to A should work. To find out properly you would have to partly disassemble the motor to trace the wires and do some resistance tests.


Thread: 43 TPI
23/12/2021 16:05:55

Hi Chris,
Here is a link to a program that will do the calculation for you. You give it a list of the change wheels you have, the leadscrew pitch and the pitch you want to cut. It tries all combinations and tells you the percentage error for each suggested combination.

Edit. I've just tried the link on that page to "Nthreadp.exe" but it does not seem to work. I have a copy of the program which I could email to you or if you post a list of the change wheels that you have I will run it and give you the results.


Edited By Les Jones 1 on 23/12/2021 16:18:11

Thread: Eletronic Prescriptions
24/11/2021 19:23:24

I order my prescription online. I then log in after a day or 2 and check that it has been approved. (I assume this is approval by the doctor.) This seems to work very well.


Thread: No reply to personal messages
14/11/2021 08:22:10

You also get people posting a question and they get a number of helpful replies. They do not post again to say that their problem was solved. (Or even to say that none of the replies helped with their problem.)


Magazine Locator

Want the latest issue of Model Engineer or Model Engineers' Workshop? Use our magazine locator links to find your nearest stockist!

Find Model Engineer & Model Engineers' Workshop

Support Our Partners
Eccentric July 5 2018
Rapid RC
Eccentric Engineering
Subscription Offer

Latest "For Sale" Ads
Latest "Wanted" Ads
Get In Touch!

Do you want to contact the Model Engineer and Model Engineers' Workshop team?

You can contact us by phone, mail or email about the magazines including becoming a contributor, submitting reader's letters or making queries about articles. You can also get in touch about this website, advertising or other general issues.

Click THIS LINK for full contact details.

For subscription issues please see THIS LINK.

Digital Back Issues

Social Media online

'Like' us on Facebook
Follow us on Facebook

Follow us on Twitter
 Twitter Logo

Pin us on Pinterest