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Member postings for David Haynes

Here is a list of all the postings David Haynes has made in our forums. Click on a thread name to jump to the thread.

Thread: Hinge Straps
06/06/2017 19:31:27

Is there any reason why brass should not be used for smokebox door hinge straps? Some materials must not be used, such as aluminium, as the heat might affect it, but what do others prefer?

Thread: Thin heat shield for soldering
28/08/2015 21:30:51

I want to solder firebox side stays but don't want to damage the existing solder on the tube ends less than 1/2" away. I had thought of using a bit of squashed down soldering blanket but wondered what other folks use.



Thread: Wet header - screwed fit or soldered?
21/07/2015 18:12:28

hi Julian,

Thanks for that. I have made a 2 part wet header, with the front part that is fixed to the superheater tail bolted to the rear part which is in turn soldered to the smokebox tubeplate. So it is possible to take the superheater completely out of the smokebox, in a theory making a screwed connection possible. In the end, I have gone for a soldered joint for the superheater tail.

Thanks for the comment anyway!


20/07/2015 14:39:39

Hi folks,

If you have a 3/16" OD copper superheater tail going into the wet header, has anyone used a threaded join rather than the often specified soldered join, in order to facilitate easier superheater removal?



Thread: Lubricating a Mill
22/06/2015 06:44:21

I have a Sieg X3 and wondered how often people take off the top cover and lubricate the gear train from the motor to spindle. Also, with what - I initially used the type of grease recommended by Sieg.

Thread: Gauge of fire tubes
06/05/2015 07:51:19

Hi All,

Well, I now have 3/8" OD tubes with .035 wall thickness, so that must be an improvement on .045" or .055".

I think...

There is also of course the 'rule' mentioned by Martin Evans in 'The Model Steam Engine' :-

'Examination of the most successful boilers shows that length of the tubes (between tube and smokebox tubeplate) divided by the square of the internal diameter works out between 50 and 70.  Similarily, it has been found that most successful model locomotive boilers seem to follow the same rule.

… the following formula can be recommended:-  d= sqrt(L/65)' [I shall call this Tube Index]

For my tiny boiler, the 17 SWG tubes (ID .263" gave a tube index of 65, whilst the thinner 20 SWG tubes (ID .319) gave a tube index of 49.  This is even lower for 22 and 24 SWG.

I have thought about how long the hot gases are in such short tubes and knew about the comments about how little the tubes contribute.  This had to balanced against the above relationship between ID and length, with the wall thickness brought it as well.  It also seemed interesting to bet more tubes in.  On balance, I felt the thinner tube seemed the way forward, after all, it may be academic, making very little difference anyway. 

All the best,


Edited By David Haynes on 06/05/2015 08:31:19

02/05/2015 22:12:55

Hi Folks,

What is the effect of boiler tube thickness on steaming properties? If you have a 3/8" dia tube with 0.055" wall thickness, the heat will be a little slower getting across to the water than if you have 0.045" thick tube walls. However, I think the effect must be negligible and as most of the heat transfer is in the firebox, this makes the difference even more negligible.

What are your thoughts on this?

Thread: Boiler feed bush locations
01/04/2015 22:21:37

A bit more on this. Presumably if there is an injector feed, as this is warmer, then it is not as much an issue as other feeds; and the height will be so that the top nut is accessible without taking the cab floor up.

On the theme of backhead bushes, what is the preference for blow down bushes? The height will be just above the foundation ring, but cross-wise, do you prefer in the middle or at one side?

All the best,


30/03/2015 18:56:30

What is the basis behind the advice not to have cold feed to a boiler at the backhead? I have my own idea but would be interested in the wider forum.


Thread: Bushing an LBSC unbushed backhead
27/03/2015 08:19:19

Thanks Julian,

Jason, I have corrected the small error - it looks better now.


regulator bush#2.jpg

26/03/2015 22:35:23

Thanks Jason,

I has wondered about reducing the step on the bush to only 1/32". However, as this step is only to act as a register for concentricity and give a greater solder contact area, and not resist pressure, that should not be a problem.



Edited By David Haynes on 26/03/2015 22:37:02

26/03/2015 20:17:38

Hi Folks,

I have asked this question elsewhere but am now able to also post images here to go with the query.

I would like to add bushes to an LBSC 'unbushed' backhead but on the regulator I am a little tight for space. I propose to replace the original 9/16" dia clearance hole with a 3/4" dia hole for a 7/8" dia bush. Whilst this is an improvement on screwing straight into the 13g backhead, it does means that the fixing screws threads are partly in the bush and partly in the backhead.

Thoughts please...

tich backhead.jpg
tich firebox.jpg
regulator bush.jpg

Edited By David Haynes on 26/03/2015 20:19:20

Thread: 3 1/2 inch small boilered TICH
01/01/2015 09:44:01

Do a search for alum - it dissolves ferrous but leaves non-ferrous alone, just a little cleaning up after.

Thread: Little Tich
30/12/2014 18:27:29

Hi Pete,

Good to see someone wanting to start a Tich. Despite the various mixed comments it has sometimes received, covered in this forum and elsewhere, it is a very workable option for many. If you want to get to grips with the valve gear of Tich, without going in the workshop, have a look at the late Charlie Dockstader's valve gear simulations. You have to build your own with his software, but it is fairly straightforward. It is nice to see a valve gear actually running without even getting your hands dirty; although, that will be the ultimate destination I am sure! His simulations are discussed on this forum if you do a search, but you will find it here as well.


Thread: Wooden cleading for stationary steam engine boiler
25/11/2014 09:23:53

Hi Folks,

Firstly, I am sorry if you have seen my request elsewhere.

Can anyone give any images and specifications for lagging and cleading stationary boilers. I have a 3 1/2" boiler running a Stuart horizontal and an unidentified vertical engine, but there is a lot of heat being lost from the bare boiler. I am interested in ending up with a timber barrel segment exterior and expect that there will be an insulation layer between the boiler outer and wood.
Your suggestions and images would be appreciated.

Many thanks,

Read more: **LINK**
Thread: 3 1/2 inch small boilered TICH
15/11/2014 00:13:07

Hi Stephen,

If you are able to look at the Christmas edition of EIM, besides reading about some lucky people who built a portable 5" track on a frozen lake and steamed on it,, Don Ashton has given a bit of a refresher on valve gear.

Also, Curly's Belpaire Tich is pictured in the 'Simple...' Tich construction book with outside Stephenson's valve gear.

Best wishes,


14/11/2014 17:32:48

Hi all,

Do you know about the 3rd Tich boiler? A Belpaire which has a 9% larger grate than the large boiler, but not as simple a build as the other two.


15/10/2014 23:00:30

A lathe with a vertical slide is an approximation of a milling machine but may not be as rigid a set up as a milling machine. The vertical slide introduces another element into the path of fixing the work piece to the machine bed. As many more experienced people here than me will tell you, if you have a high degree of confidence in the accuracy of your lathe operation and vertical slide and take things slowly, it will be fine. A poor milling machine set up could be the worse option. Also, it is not recommended to use ordinary 3 jaw chucks for holding milling cutters, they can screw out during use and the chucks are not designed for lateral milling forces. I personally find I have more control and precision for some jobs with the mill.


15/10/2014 14:12:31


Take great care with the ports however you do them, I did mine on a vertical slide in the lathe and was not satisfied with the result, I wish I had the milling machine I have now when I did them. You might find when drilling any 'small delicate/critical hole' that if you start one or even two drill sizes down and gradually work up to size, this can give some chance to recover a mistake. Despite this and what seems like a high amount of errors in my Tich construction, along with my own doubts and expecting it to fail, the chassis happily burst into life with about 20 PSI. A tribute to the robustness of Walchaerts' valve gear and the LBSC design. On the subject of exposed rivet heads in buffer beams, it has been discussed here or elsewhere; they look nice but are a pain to paint and in prototypical practice, many are hidded anyway!


Thread: ME digital on NOOK
04/07/2014 08:36:43

How much bother is it to put the digital subscription MEs into the format for a NOOK reader?

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